Why do you need to know these percentages? As your sales increases or decreases, your material cost, labor cost, and variable expenses will track accordingly. They will track very close to the same % as your current business. As an example, let's say your current sales is averaging 贄ꯠ per month and your material cost is averaging ฤꯠ per month. That's 20% of your sales (ฤꯠ ÷ 贄ꯠ = 20%). So, what would your material cost be if your sales were averaging 赨ꯠ per month? It would still be 20% but it would be 20% of 赨ꯠ or ุꯠ. So with these percentages, you can project your material, labor and variable expenses. See how it works?
Fundamentals, Cycles & Trends (FC & T's): Your plan, if done in advance and thoroughly, should provide and excellent foundation from which to work. Even the best plan still has to react to outside forces that will influence your best intentions. Identifying certain fundamentals, cycles and trends that may impact your company is a prudent way to being able to develop a contingency "plan B" in the event an outside force rears its head. A series of key FC & T's should be monitored throughout the year so that if required, your plan can react. Certain FC & T's may include wholesale pricing, weather, commodity markets or labor market impacts that are out of your control. In my opinion, developing contingency plans in advance for these outside forces at least gives you a fighting chance to react favorably.