Why do you need to know these percentages? As your sales increases or decreases, your material cost, labor cost, and variable expenses will track accordingly. They will track very close to the same % as your current business. As an example, let's say your current sales is averaging 贄ꯠ per month and your material cost is averaging ฤꯠ per month. That's 20% of your sales (ฤꯠ ÷ 贄ꯠ = 20%). So, what would your material cost be if your sales were averaging 赨ꯠ per month? It would still be 20% but it would be 20% of 赨ꯠ or ุꯠ. So with these percentages, you can project your material, labor and variable expenses. See how it works?
Labor and material costs are also directly proportionate to sales. These are things that go directly into the making of the product or into doing the service. a. Labor cost is the actual direct labor used in the making of product or doing the service. The cost would also include all the fringe benefits like social security, payroll taxes, vacation pay, holidays, sick pay days, etc. b. Material costs are all the materials used in the making of product or in doing the service. In the lawn mower service as an example it would be the gasoline used in the mower and any other materials used directly in that service. For producing a product it would be all the materials used in the product that is sent to the customer including all the packaging materials.