I teach that you should seek to learn from competitors; obviously never copy another business's idea or what they are doing, but you can absolutely learn from their mistakes or see what they are doing and discover ways to improve it. All of that analysis belongs in your business plan: make sure you have your competitors under the microscope and make sure that is a solid chunk of your plan. That is some of the best research and information you will gather about what will make your business successful in future.
Why do you need to know these percentages? As your sales increases or decreases, your material cost, labor cost, and variable expenses will track accordingly. They will track very close to the same % as your current business. As an example, let's say your current sales is averaging 贄ꯠ per month and your material cost is averaging ฤꯠ per month. That's 20% of your sales (ฤꯠ ÷ 贄ꯠ = 20%). So, what would your material cost be if your sales were averaging 赨ꯠ per month? It would still be 20% but it would be 20% of 赨ꯠ or ุꯠ. So with these percentages, you can project your material, labor and variable expenses. See how it works?